Daniel Defoe (1660 – April 24, 1731) was an English writer most famous for his novels Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders. Here are five facts about him that you may not know:
1 – His name at birth was Daniel Foe. He later changed his name to the more aristocratic-sounding Defoe.
2 – He lived through both the Great Plague of London (1665) and the Great Fire of London (1666).
3 – For a time he worked as a general merchant. Some of the goods he dealt with were hosiery, general woolen goods, and wine. His business was not successful and he went bankrupt in 1692.
4 – In 1684 he married Mary Tuffley. They had eight children.
5 – Defoe’s first literary endeavors were writing political pamphlets and as a journalist. In 1701 he wrote The True-Born Englishman. The satirical poem defended King William III, who was Dutch, against William’s enemies who pushed for “English racial purity”.
Novels by Daniel Defoe
- Robinson Crusoe
- The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
- Serious reflections during the life and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe: with his Vision of the angelick world
- Memoirs of a Cavalier
- Captain Singleton
- A Journal of the Plague Year
- Colonel Jack
- Moll Flanders
- Roxana: The Fortunate Mistress